Time: eighth day of the dark fortnight of the lunar month of Margashira
Description : Prathamastami, one of the most celebrated festival in the state. The celebration falls on the eighth day of the dark fortnight of the lunar month of Margashira. Prathamastami is a rite is held in Odisha, India, for the life and prosperity of the eldest child who is offered a lighted lamp ovation by the senior female relatives followed by elaborate rituals during which the Mantras are recited. The ritual involves Aarathi of the eldest child by mother and relatives in which the maternal uncle sends the items necessary for the ritual, and Ganesha, Shashti devi and the family deity are worshipped. The main delicacy of the day is Enduri Pitha.

Special prayers and pujas are offered to Devi Sati for the well being of the eldest child as according to Hindu mythology, Devi Sati is considered to be the protector of children. As per social beliefs, that it is the eldest child who has to look after the family after the death of the parents and it this child who has to continue the lineage or the family tradition. Prathamastami is celebrated for the well being of the first born in the family, whether boy or girl.

On the day of Puja, the eldest child puts new clothes and is made to sit on a wooden pedestal (Pidha). In front of him/her an earthen pot full of water (Purna Kumbha) is placed on handfuls of paddy. Above it a branch of mango leaves and a coconut is placed. Then, the mother or any other elderly lady wishes him /her long-life and good health by praying Sathi Debi, the Goddess who protects children from all kinds of evils.

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