|| Udayagiri, the largest Buddhist complex, is situated in the Jajpur district of Odisha. Udayagiri was referrd as ‘Madhavapura Mahavihara’ in the history, as per the epigraphical artifact found in the region. . The excavations also brought to light a sprawling complex of brick monastery with a number of Buddhist sculptures. The entire area is found located at the foothills of a large hill that acts as an imposing backdrop.
Udayagiri bears a monastery with its ancient name as Madhavapura Mahavihara. The excavations also revealed another complex of brick monastery as well as numerous Buddhist sculptures. All this can be spotted at the foothills of a large hill. Udayagiri monasteries bloomed between the 7th and the 12th centuries A.D., chronologically after udayagiri and Lalitgiri.
Udayagiri also consists of a brick stupa, two brick monasteries, a beautiful stepped-stone decorated with inscriptions on it, and also rock-cut sculptures atop the hill behind. The large number of exposed sculptures from the excavations, as well as those still in situ, belong, obviously to the Buddhist pantheon and consist of Boddhisattva figures and Dhyani Buddha figures. Interestingly, although the site is located close to Ratnagiri (about 5 km), Udayagiri does not possess a number of Vajrayana sculptures.