Kalindi Charan Panigrahi
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Category : Literature
Born : 2, July 1901
Died : 15 May 1991
Details : Kalindi Charan Panigrahi was a noted Oriya poet, novelist, story writer, dramatist, and essayist. He was one of the members of the Oriya literary group Sabuja Goshthi . Influenced by the romantic thoughts of Rabindranath Tagore, during the thirties when the progressive Marxist movements was in full flow in Oriya Literature, Kalindi Charana Panigrahi, the older brother of Bhagabati Charana Panigrahi,the founder of Marxist trend in Odisha, formed a group in 1920 called “Sabuja Samiti”, along with two of his writer friends Annada Shankar Ray and Baikuntha Patnaik.

Perhaps it was the very short existed period in Oriya Literature, and later submerged with either Gandhian thoughts or Marxian thoughts. Later Kalindi Charana Panigrahi wrote his famous novel Matira Manisha, being influenced by Gandhism. He was for a period, the editor of English Journals, Bhanja Pradipa and Mayurbhanja Chronicle. His eldest daughter Nandini Satpathy was born in 1931. Prominent lady politician of Odisha and former chief minister, Nandini Satpathy was his eldest daughter. Noted parliamentarian and politician Devendra Satpathy was his son-in-law.

His younger brother Bhagabati Charana Panigrahi was the founder of Communist Party in Odisha. Bhagabati's great contribution for the Independence of India is underplayed in the history, because he was illegally imprisoned, and slow-poisoned by the British. His great grandson Suparno Satpathy is a noted writer, awarded social activist, and a young political leader. He was inspired a lot by the romantic thoughts of Rabindranath Tagore. He was honoured with the fellowship of Sahitya Academy in 1971.[3] In the same year, he was honoured with Padma Bhushan by Government of India. In 1976, Sambalpur University conferred on him honorary D. Litt. degree.

As a noted writer, his works include poems – Jadu Ghara, Puri Mandira and Mahadipa. novels - ମାଟିର ମଣିଷ(Matira Manisha) (1934), ଲୁହାର ମଣିଷ(Luhara Manisha), ଅମରଚିତା(Amarachita),ଆଜିର ମଣିଷ(Aajira Manisha) and ମୁକ୍ତାଗଡର କ୍ଷୁଧା(Mukta Gadara Kshudha); short Stories – Devadashi, Rashi Phala, Shesha Rashmi and Sagarika, dramas – Padmini and Pridarshi; biographical works – Bhaktakabi Madhusudana, Karmabira Gauri Shankar and Jaha Ange Nibhaichi (autobiography) and essays – Sahitya Samachara and Sahityika. The Oriya film Matira Manisha (1966) directed by Mrinal Sen is based on his novel of same name.


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